Eliot, T(homas) S(tearns)

(1888-1965)
   Born in St. Louis, Missouri, he was educated at Harvard, the Sorbonne and Merton College, Oxford; he became a British citizen in 1927. He worked briefly as a schoolteacher, then from 1917 to 1925, he worked at Lloyds Bank in London. In the 1920s, he suffered from ill health and at times was close to breakdown. He became a director in the publishing firm of Faber and Faber, and took responsibility for his firm's selection of poets. In 1927 he became a member of the Anglican Church; many of his poems reflect his spiritual journey. In 1948 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature and the Order of Merit. He is commemorated by a memorial stone in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey. His first work Prufrock and Other Observations was published in 1917. Collected Poems 1909-1962 was published in 1963. The musical Cats was inspired by his Old Possum's Book of Cats. Some of his other poems: "Ash Wednesday," "Boston Evening Transcript," "Four Quartets," "Journey of the Magi," "Murder in the Cathedral," "Ode on Independence Day, July 4th 1918," "Sweeney Agonistes," "The Rock."
   Sources: Collected Poems 1909-1962 of T.S. Eliot. Harcourt Brace, 1963; reprinted 1991. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Modern American Poetry (http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/index.htm). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Eliot, T(homas) S(tearns) — Eliot, T(homas) S(tearns). 1888 1965. American born British critic and writer whose poems “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” (1915) and The Waste Land (1922) established him as a major literary figure. He also wrote dramas, such as Murder in… …   Universalium

  • Eliot, T(homas) S(tearns) — (26 sep. 1888, St. Louis, Mo., EE.UU.–4 ene. 1965, Londres, Inglaterra). Poeta, dramaturgo y crítico británico de origen estadounidense. Eliot estudió en la Universidad de Harvard antes de mudarse en 1914 a Inglaterra, donde trabajó como editor… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eliot — Eliot, Edward Grandville Eliot, George Eliot, Thomas Stearns * * * (as used in expressions) Eliot, Charles William Eliot, George Eliot, John Eliot, T(homas) S(tearns) Fry, Roger (Eliot) Ness, Eliot …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eliot — Eliot1 [el′ē ət, el′yət] n. [dim. of ELLIS1] a masculine name: see ELLIS1 Eliot2 [el′ē ət, el′yət] 1. Charles William 1834 1926; U.S. educator: president of Harvard University (1869 1909) 2. George (pseud. of Mary Ann Evans) 1819 80; Eng.… …   English World dictionary

  • Eliot — /el ee euht, el yeuht/, n. 1. Charles William, 1834 1926, U.S. educator: president of Harvard University 1869 1909. 2. George (Mary Ann Evans), 1819 80, English novelist. 3. John ( the Apostle of the Indians ), 1604 90, American colonial… …   Universalium

  • Eliot — I. biographical name Charles William 1834 1926 American educator; president Harvard U. (1869 1909) II. biographical name George 1819 1880 pseudonym of Mary Ann (or Marian) Evans English novelist III. biographical name Sir John 1592 1632 English… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Eliot — El•i•ot [[t]ˈɛl i ət, ˈɛl yət[/t]] n. 1) big Charles William, 1834–1926, U.S. educator: president of Harvard University 1869–1909 2) big George (Mary Ann Evans), 1819–80, English novelist 3) big John (“the Apostle of the Indians”), 1604–90,… …   From formal English to slang

  • Eliot — /ˈɛliət/ (say eleeuht) noun 1. George (Mary Ann Evans), 1819–80, English realist novelist; her best known works are The Mill on the Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861), and Middlemarch (1872). 2. T(homas) S(tearns), 1888–1965, British poet, critic …   Australian English dictionary

  • Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

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